Child Protection Improvements Act of 2017

S 705 : A bill to amend the National Child Protection Act of 1993 to establish a national criminal history background check system and criminal history review program for certain individuals who, related to their employment, have access to children, the elderly,

Introduced March 23, 2017

This program was originally authorized as a pilot program by the Adam Walsh Act.

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children conducted the background checks. During the course of that pilot program, 77,000 youth volunteers were the subject of background checks.

The background checks revealed that 6% of those applicant volunteers had a criminal history for violations such as child sexual abuse, child cruelty, murder and serious drug offenses. This program needs permanency and The Child Protection Improvements Act will give it permanency.

Specifically, CPIA amends the National Child Protection Act of 1993 to do the following:

  • Ensure organizations that serve children, the elderly, and individuals with disabilities have access to FBI fingerprint background checks.
  • Cap the cost of such a check at $18.
  • Identify five criteria offenses that will result in a determination that a volunteer "does not meet the criteria" to serve a vulnerable population.